Are you still baffled by TikTok? Do you feel overwhelmed when you open the app and fail to figure out how it works? As TikTok’s user base expands outside Gen Z, it’s understandable that more users are confused by how the app works. This beginner’s guide is designed to give you the basics of how Tiktok works and help you become a power user in no time.\nWhat’s Tiktok?\nTiktok is a video-sharing app where users create short-format videos and upload them to the platform. It’s owned by a Chinese company, Bytedance, which acquired Musical.ly in 2016 and rebranded it as TikTok. \nIt’s now the fastest growing social media app with over 1 billion monthly active users to date. In the 4th quarter of 2021 alone, it had over 160 million installs. More than 60% of TikTok’s users are aged 10-29, but there has been a steady rise in older users. TikTok’s popularity soared when people locked in their homes during the pandemic turned to the platform for entertainment. \nTikTok makes it easy for creators to become influencers. The top TikTok stars collectively earned $55 million in 2021, according to a Forbes report. Charli D’Amelio, who topped the list, earned $17 million. \nWhat makes TikTok a popular platform for influencers and content creators? Check out these amazing features. \nUnique TikTok Features\n\nAccess to thousands of popular free music\nHundreds of free emojis, stickers, and filters to make your video stand-out\nThe built-in free and easy-to-use video editing tool\nTons of free videos to inspire you with your next one\nAvailable in 154 countries and 39 languages creating a global community\nTikTok challenges and duets that help your video get quickly discovered\nA powerful algorithm that shows you more of the same videos you like\n\nGetting Started with TikTok\nCreating A TikTok Account\nGo to Google Play or the App Store and download TikTok. As soon as you’re done installing and opening the app, it will start displaying videos. In TikTok, you don’t need an account to start browsing videos. \nBut to start recording and posting videos, you need to create one.\nTikTok makes it easy to sign up by allowing you to connect your existing accounts like Facebook, Gmail, or Twitter. You can also create a standard username and password using your email or phone number. \n\n \nIf you decide to use your phone number, TikTok will assign a generic username like user1234567. If you use your email address, you get a personalized ID. Don’t worry—you can always change your username later. \nTikTok will also ask for your birthday (you need to be 13 years old to use the app). In the US, users under 13 years old are placed in a Younger Users experience where guardians can monitor their online experience. \nEditing Your TikTok Profile\nOnce you’ve created your account, you can edit your profile. Just tap the icon at the bottom right corner that says Profile. This will display your photo, the number of users you’re following, your followers, and the total number of likes your posted videos received. It also shows the videos you’ve posted and liked. \nTo begin editing your profile, just tap the Edit Profile button. You can upload your photo or use a profile video. You can change your name and username, write an 80-character bio, and link your Instagram, YouTube, and Twitter profiles. \n\nNavigating Tiktok\nBrowsing Videos\nTikTok has a very intuitive and powerful algorithm. There are two main feeds on the main page: For You and Following. The For You tab shows random videos from any TikTok users globally. TikTok predicts the videos you’d find interesting and presents a steady stream of these. It’s like a never-ending variety show. The more you watch these videos, the more TikTok will keep showing similar ones. \n\nThe Following tab shows videos uploaded by users you choose to follow. There’s also a magnifying glass beside these two tabs, which lets you search for user accounts so you can browse their videos. \nEvery time you watch a video, you’d notice these five icons at the right:\n\nA circle with a photo\nA Heart\nA speech bubble (sometimes with a gift icon) \nAn arrow pointing to the right \nA spinning record with emanating music notes\n\nThe 1st icon shows the profile photo of the creator with a plus sign at the bottom so you can easily follow them. Once you follow a creator, you’d see more of their videos on the Following tab. \nThe heart option underneath shows you how many users have liked the video. When you heart a video, TikTok will know that you prefer similar videos and will start showing you more. \nTikTok has expanded the comment option so you can already use it to send gifts to your favorite creators. However, only comments with the gift icon activate this function. You’d also need coins to purchase virtual gifts for your favorite creators. \nOne of TikTok’s earlier strategies to increase its user base was to make sharing to other platforms easy. Under the comment option, you can click the arrow icon to open the Sharing Settings. TikTok allows you to send the video to other TikTok users or share it across various social media channels like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, WhatsApp, or Telegram. You can also copy the video link to share across any platform. You’d also see other options here to download the video, use it as wallpaper, or add it to a favorite collection. \nFinally, in every TikTok video, you’d find a spinning record-like icon at the bottom right. This allows you to see the music used by the creator. If you click on it, you’ll discover more videos that use the same sound. You can then use the same sound to create your video. \n\nIn case you’re not interested in a video you see on your feed, you can hard press anywhere in the video. A menu pops up with a broken heart icon that says “not interested.” This refreshes your For You Page with a new stream of videos and ensures you see fewer of the videos and topics you don’t want.\nDiscovering More Videos\nAside from the main feed, TikTok also makes it easy to discover other video content. At the bottom of the app, there are 5 options:\n\nHome\nDiscover\nA plus sign\nInbox\nProfile\n\n\nThe Home icon shows the main page with the For You and Following feeds. TikTok has also started showing Live videos. You can find the Live option at the top left corner of the Home page. Tapping this option opens a whole new stream of live videos. You can watch a creator and interact with them in real-time. \nThe Discover icon allows you to see trending hashtags, sounds, and effects on TikTok. This is also where TikTok advertises ongoing and upcoming Challenges that you can participate in. \nTapping the plus icon opens your camera and allows you to start recording a TikTok video. \nTikTok allows you to send DMs (or private messages) to other users as long as you follow each other. These messages will appear in the inbox option. \nThe profile icon opens your profile and shows videos you’ve created and liked. \nFilming TikTok Videos\nNavigating the Record Interface\nWhen you click the plus icon at the center, it opens your phone’s camera and allows you to start recording a TikTok video. You can create a 15sec, 60sec, or 3-minute video. There’s also a Quick option that lets you quickly record a video and a Template option that shows pre-made templates you can use for photo slideshows. \n\nIn the top right, there are several icons to help enhance your recording experience. There’s a flip option at the very top to help you use either your back or front camera. The other icons are:\n\nSpeed: Helps you record slow motion or fast forward videos.\nFilters: This allows you to apply filters to your video. \nBeauty: An AR filter that allows you to correct skin blemishes, apply makeup and even adjust the shape of your face.\nTimer: Let’s you set an auto-record countdown to help you film hands-free.\nReply Shows comments or questions you’re replying to with the video.\n\nUsing Music and Effects\nA huge music library of free popular music sets TikTok apart from other social media platforms. Music is the soul of TikTok. You can always find a popular song to lip-sync or dance to or simply use as background music. Using a popular song also increases the chance of your video becoming viral.\nHowever, TikTok doesn’t have full-length music and mostly contains only snippets of sound that you can’t edit. This may be a problem if you’re looking for a specific portion of a song that’s not very common. A workaround is to play the song on an external device while you’re recording. TikTok will register this as an original sound. A warning though–using this loophole can result in copyright violations. \nWhen you want to add a sound to your video, simply tap the top center of the recording interface to show the list of all the sounds available. These are categorized per genre, trending status, and recommended sounds for you. \n\nWhen browsing videos, you can also click on the spinning record icon to see the videos also using the sound. You can also add it to your favorites list to use later. You can also click the “Use This Sound” option at the bottom, which will lead directly to the recording screen. \nYour creativity has no boundaries on TikTok. The app has everything from the most subtle to the most grandiose effects that you can use to make your video interesting. It even has effects specific to cats and dogs! \nEditing Your Video\nAfter recording your video, you can make final edits before publishing it. Post-recording, TikTok allows you to do the following:\n\nAdd text overlays, stickers, and more effects\nApply filters\nAdjust the clips’ length \nAdd a voice-over and apply voice effects to it\n\nWhen you’re satisfied with your edited video, just click next, and you’ll see a post interface similar to Instagram.\n\n Publishing Your Video\nNow that you’ve recorded your video, it’s time to publish it. On the posting page, you can add captions and hashtags and mention another user on your video. Adding hashtags increases the chances of your video being discovered. Participating in trending hashtags helps your video reach a wider audience quickly. Mentioning popular users also helps your video get noticed. It’s also possible to add a link to another of your existing videos right within the caption. \nTikTok has also released a new feature that allows you to tag other users in your video. This helps the caption space appear clutter-free since you can just tag users you want to mention. \n\nBefore publishing your video, there are a few more settings you can control.\n\nYou can control the privacy settings by choosing who can watch your video.\nYou can enable or disable comments.\nYou can allow a duet or stitch of your video. \nYou can choose to share your video with your other social media platforms.\n\nWhen you’re ready, click post, and the video will automatically be published. Posted videos are saved on your device by default. \nJoining TikTok Challenges\nChallenges unite the TikTok community. Anyone can create and participate in a challenge. Challenges often involve performing a specific action and using a required hashtag. Challenges can be organic or brand-sponsored. \nBrands use challenges to create hype for their marketing campaigns. For example, Chipotle has been running their #Boorito challenge twice in a row. They partnered with influencers to kickstart the challenge for them, then watched as various TikTok users joined the bandwagon. Brand challenges usually have prizes for winning users.\n\n\nAny individual can start organic challenges. People participate for the fun of the challenge even if there’s no winner. Examples of viral organic challenges are the #LevelUp Challenge, that’s reached 13.4 billion views, and the #DJAtHome challenge with 1.9 billion views. \nParticipating in these TikTok challenges, even if you don’t win any prize, is a way for your videos to gain more exposure and your account to get more followers. Challenges help your account grow. If you’re just starting on TikTok, participate in as many challenges as you can. \nTo start finding challenges, go to the Discover section where TikTok shows the trending hashtags and brand-sponsored challenges in your area. \nExploring TikTok Duet and Stitch\nAnother fun way to use TikTok is through duets and stitching. A TikTok duet is when you join in another user’s video. TikTok stitch lets you use another user’s video as part of your own. \nTo use the TikTok duet, find a video you’d interact with, and tap the share icon. Select Duet. Your recording screen will appear as two side-by-side videos. The other video will play as soon as you press record. You can also use the same recording and editing tools. \n\nTikTok Stitch is great for creating reaction videos. To use this feature, tap the share icon on the original video, and select stitch. Wait a few moments for the video to be processed, and once done, it’ll show a screen where you cut up to 5 seconds of the original video to use for your own. Tap next, and you’ll see the regular recording screen where you can create a new ending for the video. \nUsing TikTok Duet and Stitch, creators can come up with endless creative ideas that can make them viral and overnight sensations. One great example is Khaby Lame, who became an instant TikTok celebrity with his funny video stitches where he debunks ridiculous TikTok videos.\n\nEarning in TikTok\nTikTok influencers earn anywhere from $200 to $5,000 monthly, depending on the size of their following. Like other social media platforms, TikTok offers great ways for its top creators to monetize their accounts. Here are some ways you can earn on TikTok:\n\nJoin the TikTok Creator Fund and TikTok’s Creator Marketplace\nCreate sponsored content\nBecome a brand ambassador\nSell influencer merchandise \nAccept virtual gifts\nPlace affiliate links\n\nIf your account reaches 10,000 authentic followers and has at least 100,000 authentic video views within 30 days, you can join the TikTok Creator Fund. Available in selected countries, this is TikTok’s way of encouraging creators to keep making incredible videos and attracting more users to the platform. \nIf you’d like to collaborate with brands and receive sponsorship opportunities, you can join the TikTok Creator Marketplace. This is where brands meet creators who fit their campaign needs and reach out to them. Once your account meets eligibility criteria, TikTok will send you an invite to join. \nOutside TikTok’s official channels, you can still earn by directly working with brands to create sponsored content or become a brand ambassador. Brands are always looking for influencers who can help them reach their customers by endorsing their products, boosting their social media presence, and spreading positive messages about them.\nAside from representing other brands, you can also create your influencer merchandise and sell them to your followers. You can become an affiliate for products you believe in and place your affiliate links in your bio and video captions. \nLastly, TikTok now allows followers to directly send virtual gifts to their favorite creators. You can get these virtual gifts when you go Live or through the comments section. Virtual gifts can be exchanged for actual currency that you can withdraw.\nGrowing Your TikTok Audience\nA large audience is important to get monetized in TikTok. Fortunately, TikTok’s algorithm makes it easy for your videos to get discovered quickly. Here are ways to get more followers on TikTok.\n\nKnow your target audience. \nParticipate in TikTok trends.\nCreate and join TikTok challenges.\nCollaborate with other TikTok influencers.\nPost videos regularly and at the right time.\nUse the right hashtags.\nCross-promote your TikTok videos to your other channels.\nEngage with other videos.\nUse TikTok Promote\n\nWhen you know your ideal audience, you’d be able to create content that they love. This will attract them to your videos and follow your account. \nThe best way to gain visibility on TikTok is by participating in challenges and trending hashtags. This lets other users discover your videos. Just remember to always use the right hashtags and avoid any typo errors. \nJust like other social media apps, engaging with other people’s content and collaborating with other influencers expands your network. Because of TikTok Duet and Stitch, engaging with other videos – especially popular ones – is easy. \nConsistency is also important when building an audience. You want your followers to always see your videos. Statistics show that the average user spends 52 minutes per day on the app, with younger demographics spending up to 90 minutes. That’s a lot of videos to watch, and if you’re not posting content regularly, your videos may get lost in the feed. \nTikTok Analytics lets you know when your followers are most active, so you can post during those times.\nDon’t neglect your audience on other social media platforms. Let them know that you’re now on TikTok and invite them to follow you. Cross-post your TikTok videos to your Instagram, Facebook, and other social media accounts. Include links to your TikTok profile so they can easily visit your account. \nIf you still want to reach a wider audience base, you can always pay to promote your TikTok videos. TikTok allows creators to promote their videos using the promote option, available in the settings section from your Profile, or the … option in your videos. \nUnderstanding TikTok Analytics\nOnce you’ve posted several videos and started to gain followers, you’d want to know how well your account is doing. You can always see how many times your videos have been viewed by checking your profile. Underneath your photo, you’d see how many followers, likes, and views all your videos have received.\nYou can also see who viewed your profile or followed you. Even new accounts can access TikTok’s Analytics Tools from the Creator Tools settings. It contains the following:\n\nOverview of your overall engagement\nPer Content Metrics\nFollower Demographics\nLive Video Analytics\n\n\nWith this data, you can analyze how well your videos are performing and determine if you need to tweak anything in your current strategy.\nAdditional Tips to Become a TikTok Pro User\nHere are extra tips and hacks to master TikTok and become a power user in no time. \n1. Upload videos recorded outside TikTok\nSometimes, you record a video on your phone and edit using video editing software. You post this video on YouTube and Instagram and would like to do the same on TikTok. \nTo accomplish this, tap the plus icon in the middle to open the recording screen. Select the Upload button on the lower right corner beside the big record button. You’d open your phone’s gallery and select the video you want. You can add more than one video by selecting the first video, then tapping Upload, and selecting the next one. \nWhen you’ve selected all the videos you want, just hit Next and proceed to edit the video using TikTok’s editing tools. \n2. Create engaging photo slideshows using Templates\nWhen you open the recording screen, swipe to choose the Templates option. Select the slideshow template you want, and each template requires a different number of photos. Once you select a template, it opens your phone’s gallery, and you can select the photos you want. \nRemember that the order of the photos in the slideshow will depend on the order you select them. When done, click OK at the bottom of the screen to proceed to the editing stage.\n3. Delete Your TikTok Videos\nIf you’ve accidentally uploaded a video, you can still delete it. Just go to your profile and open the video. Select the three dots below the Share option, and choose delete.\n4. Create GIFs from Any TikTok Video\nYou can turn any video you like into a GIF and share it with others. Simply tap the arrow button on the right side of the video and select the Share as GIF option. \nIt will open an editing page where you can edit the length of the GIF. When done, select Generate to create the GIF. \nTikTok is famous for meme content, and creating GIFs is one way to capitalize on this trend.\n5. Share your Profile using your TikTok QR Code\nEvery TikTok user has their QR code from the moment they sign up. You can find this by going to your profile, tapping the three dots at the top right corner, and selecting the QR code. You can download your QR code and post it on other social media channels. \nTo scan someone else’s QR code, just tap Scan in the top-right corner of the main screen.\nFinal Thoughts\nTikTok is a great social media app to explore. It’s constantly innovating and releasing new features that make the user experience fun, engaging, and immersive. While it started as a lip-syncing app, it has evolved and catered to various kinds of entertaining video content. You can now find comedy skits, instructional videos, and even news briefs on TikTok. \nAs more brands realize the power of TikTok, they’d be on the lookout for more influencers they can partner with to promote their products and reach their audience. By creating a TikTok account today, you’d start building a following and be able to offer brands your influencer services. \nWith the tips shared here, it’s never too late to jump on the bandwagon. Who knows, you can be the next big TikTok star.